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class:X509Certificate [NONE]


@Deprecated(since="9",
            forRemoval=true)
public abstract class X509Certificate
extends Certificate
Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
Use the classes in java.security.cert instead.
Abstract class for X.509 v1 certificates. This provides a standard way to access all the version 1 attributes of an X.509 certificate. Attributes that are specific to X.509 v2 or v3 are not available through this interface. Future API evolution will provide full access to complete X.509 v3 attributes.

The basic X.509 format was defined by ISO/IEC and ANSI X9 and is described below in ASN.1:

 Certificate  ::=  SEQUENCE  {
     tbsCertificate       TBSCertificate,
     signatureAlgorithm   AlgorithmIdentifier,
     signature            BIT STRING  }
 

These certificates are widely used to support authentication and other functionality in Internet security systems. Common applications include Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM), Transport Layer Security (SSL), code signing for trusted software distribution, and Secure Electronic Transactions (SET).

These certificates are managed and vouched for by Certificate Authorities (CAs). CAs are services which create certificates by placing data in the X.509 standard format and then digitally signing that data. CAs act as trusted third parties, making introductions between principals who have no direct knowledge of each other. CA certificates are either signed by themselves, or by some other CA such as a "root" CA.

The ASN.1 definition of tbsCertificate is:

 TBSCertificate  ::=  SEQUENCE  {
     version         [0]  EXPLICIT Version DEFAULT v1,
     serialNumber         CertificateSerialNumber,
     signature            AlgorithmIdentifier,
     issuer               Name,
     validity             Validity,
     subject              Name,
     subjectPublicKeyInfo SubjectPublicKeyInfo,
     }
 

Here is sample code to instantiate an X.509 certificate:

 InputStream inStream = new FileInputStream("fileName-of-cert");
 X509Certificate cert = X509Certificate.getInstance(inStream);
 inStream.close();
 
OR
 byte[] certData = <certificate read from a file, say>
 X509Certificate cert = X509Certificate.getInstance(certData);
 

In either case, the code that instantiates an X.509 certificate consults the value of the cert.provider.x509v1 security property to locate the actual implementation or instantiates a default implementation.

The cert.provider.x509v1 property is set to a default implementation for X.509 such as:

 cert.provider.x509v1=com.sun.security.cert.internal.x509.X509V1CertImpl
 

The value of this cert.provider.x509v1 property has to be changed to instantiate another implementation. If this security property is not set, a default implementation will be used. Currently, due to possible security restrictions on access to Security properties, this value is looked up and cached at class initialization time and will fallback on a default implementation if the Security property is not accessible.

Note: The classes in the package javax.security.cert exist for compatibility with earlier versions of the Java Secure Sockets Extension (JSSE). New applications should instead use the standard Java SE certificate classes located in java.security.cert.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Certificate, X509Extension, security properties

constructor:X509Certificate() [CHANGED]

  • X509Certificate

    public X509Certificate()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Constructor for subclasses to call.
  • X509Certificate

    public X509Certificate()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
  • X509Certificate

    public X509Certificate()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Constructor for subclasses to call.

method:getInstance(java.io.InputStream) [NONE]

  • getInstance

    public static final  X509Certificate getInstance?(InputStream inStream) throws CertificateException
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Instantiates an X509Certificate object, and initializes it with the data read from the input stream inStream. The implementation (X509Certificate is an abstract class) is provided by the class specified as the value of the cert.provider.x509v1 security property.

    Note: Only one DER-encoded certificate is expected to be in the input stream. Also, all X509Certificate subclasses must provide a constructor of the form:

    
     public <subClass>(InputStream inStream) ...
     
    

    Parameters:
    inStream - an input stream with the data to be read to initialize the certificate.
    Returns:
    an X509Certificate object initialized with the data from the input stream.
    Throws:
    CertificateException - if a class initialization or certificate parsing error occurs.
  • method:getInstance(byte[]) [NONE]

    getInstance

    public static final  X509Certificate getInstance?(byte[] certData) throws CertificateException
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Instantiates an X509Certificate object, and initializes it with the specified byte array. The implementation (X509Certificate is an abstract class) is provided by the class specified as the value of the cert.provider.x509v1 security property.

    Note: All X509Certificate subclasses must provide a constructor of the form:

    
     public <subClass>(InputStream inStream) ...
     
    

    Parameters:
    certData - a byte array containing the DER-encoded certificate.
    Returns:
    an X509Certificate object initialized with the data from certData.
    Throws:
    CertificateException - if a class initialization or certificate parsing error occurs.

    method:checkValidity() [NONE]

    checkValidity

    public abstract  void checkValidity() throws CertificateExpiredException, CertificateNotYetValidException
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Checks that the certificate is currently valid. It is if the current date and time are within the validity period given in the certificate.

    The validity period consists of two date/time values: the first and last dates (and times) on which the certificate is valid. It is defined in ASN.1 as:

     validity             Validity
    
     Validity ::= SEQUENCE {
         notBefore      CertificateValidityDate,
         notAfter       CertificateValidityDate }
    
     CertificateValidityDate ::= CHOICE {
         utcTime        UTCTime,
         generalTime    GeneralizedTime }
     

    Throws:
    CertificateExpiredException - if the certificate has expired.
    CertificateNotYetValidException - if the certificate is not yet valid.

    method:checkValidity(java.util.Date) [NONE]

    checkValidity

    public abstract  void checkValidity?(Date date) throws CertificateExpiredException, CertificateNotYetValidException
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Checks that the specified date is within the certificate's validity period. In other words, this determines whether the certificate would be valid at the specified date/time.
    Parameters:
    date - the Date to check against to see if this certificate is valid at that date/time.
    Throws:
    CertificateExpiredException - if the certificate has expired with respect to the date supplied.
    CertificateNotYetValidException - if the certificate is not yet valid with respect to the date supplied.
    See Also:
    checkValidity()

    method:getVersion() [NONE]

    getVersion

    public abstract  int getVersion()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the version (version number) value from the certificate. The ASN.1 definition for this is:
     version         [0]  EXPLICIT Version DEFAULT v1
    
     Version  ::=  INTEGER  {  v1(0), v2(1), v3(2)  }
     
    Returns:
    the version number from the ASN.1 encoding, i.e. 0, 1 or 2.

    method:getSerialNumber() [NONE]

    getSerialNumber

    public abstract  BigInteger getSerialNumber()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the serialNumber value from the certificate. The serial number is an integer assigned by the certification authority to each certificate. It must be unique for each certificate issued by a given CA (i.e., the issuer name and serial number identify a unique certificate). The ASN.1 definition for this is:
     serialNumber     CertificateSerialNumber
    
     CertificateSerialNumber  ::=  INTEGER
     
    Returns:
    the serial number.

    method:getIssuerDN() [NONE]

    getIssuerDN

    public abstract  Principal getIssuerDN()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the issuer (issuer distinguished name) value from the certificate. The issuer name identifies the entity that signed (and issued) the certificate.

    The issuer name field contains an X.500 distinguished name (DN). The ASN.1 definition for this is:

     issuer    Name
    
     Name ::= CHOICE { RDNSequence }
     RDNSequence ::= SEQUENCE OF RelativeDistinguishedName
     RelativeDistinguishedName ::=
         SET OF AttributeValueAssertion
    
     AttributeValueAssertion ::= SEQUENCE {
                                   AttributeType,
                                   AttributeValue }
     AttributeType ::= OBJECT IDENTIFIER
     AttributeValue ::= ANY
     
    The Name describes a hierarchical name composed of attributes, such as country name, and corresponding values, such as US. The type of the AttributeValue component is determined by the AttributeType; in general it will be a directoryString. A directoryString is usually one of PrintableString, TeletexString or UniversalString.

    Returns:
    a Principal whose name is the issuer distinguished name.

    method:getSubjectDN() [NONE]

    getSubjectDN

    public abstract  Principal getSubjectDN()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the subject (subject distinguished name) value from the certificate. The ASN.1 definition for this is:
     subject    Name
     

    See getIssuerDN for Name and other relevant definitions.

    Returns:
    a Principal whose name is the subject name.
    See Also:
    getIssuerDN()

    method:getNotBefore() [NONE]

    getNotBefore

    public abstract  Date getNotBefore()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the notBefore date from the validity period of the certificate. The relevant ASN.1 definitions are:
     validity             Validity
    
     Validity ::= SEQUENCE {
         notBefore      CertificateValidityDate,
         notAfter       CertificateValidityDate }
    
     CertificateValidityDate ::= CHOICE {
         utcTime        UTCTime,
         generalTime    GeneralizedTime }
     
    Returns:
    the start date of the validity period.
    See Also:
    checkValidity()

    method:getNotAfter() [NONE]

    getNotAfter

    public abstract  Date getNotAfter()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the notAfter date from the validity period of the certificate. See getNotBefore for relevant ASN.1 definitions.
    Returns:
    the end date of the validity period.
    See Also:
    checkValidity()

    method:getSigAlgName() [NONE]

    getSigAlgName

    public abstract  String getSigAlgName()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the signature algorithm name for the certificate signature algorithm. An example is the string "SHA-1/DSA". The ASN.1 definition for this is:
     signatureAlgorithm   AlgorithmIdentifier
    
     AlgorithmIdentifier  ::=  SEQUENCE  {
         algorithm               OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
         parameters              ANY DEFINED BY algorithm OPTIONAL  }
                                 -- contains a value of the type
                                 -- registered for use with the
                                 -- algorithm object identifier value
     

    The algorithm name is determined from the algorithm OID string.

    Returns:
    the signature algorithm name.

    method:getSigAlgOID() [NONE]

    getSigAlgOID

    public abstract  String getSigAlgOID()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the signature algorithm OID string from the certificate. An OID is represented by a set of positive whole numbers separated by periods. For example, the string "1.2.840.10040.4.3" identifies the SHA-1 with DSA signature algorithm, as per the PKIX part I.

    See getSigAlgName for relevant ASN.1 definitions.

    Returns:
    the signature algorithm OID string.

    method:getSigAlgParams() [NONE]

    getSigAlgParams

    public abstract  byte[] getSigAlgParams()
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    Gets the DER-encoded signature algorithm parameters from this certificate's signature algorithm. In most cases, the signature algorithm parameters are null; the parameters are usually supplied with the certificate's public key.

    See getSigAlgName for relevant ASN.1 definitions.

    Returns:
    the DER-encoded signature algorithm parameters, or null if no parameters are present.

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